noun বিশেষ্য পদ
/ˈæbəkəs/
a calculator that performs arithmetic functions by manually sliding counters on rods or in grooves
এটা কেলকুলেটৰ যিয়ে ৰড বা খাঁজত কাউণ্টাৰসমূহ হাতেৰে স্লাইড কৰি গাণিতিক কাৰ্য্যসমূহ সম্পন্ন কৰে
noun বিশেষ্য পদ
a tablet placed horizontally on top of the capital of a column as an aid in supporting the architrave
আৰ্কিট্ৰেভক সহায় কৰাত সহায়ক হিচাপে এটা স্তম্ভৰ ৰাজধানীৰ ওপৰত অনুভূমিকভাৱে ৰখা এটা টেবলেট
noun বিশেষ্য পদ
1. A table or tray scattered with sand which was used for calculating or drawing.
বালিৰে সিঁচৰতি হৈ থকা টেবুল বা ট্ৰে যি গণনা বা অংকন কৰিবলৈ ব্যৱহাৰ কৰা হৈছিল।
He [Gerebertus] was þe firste þat took abacus of Sarsyns, and ȝaf rules þerynne, þat mowe unneþe be understonde of þe kunnyngeste men of þe craft, þe whiche craftes men beþ cleped abaciste. Marianus. Abacus is a table wiþ þhe whiche schappes be portrayed and i-peynt in powdre, and abacus is a craft of geometrie. He [Gerebertus] was the first who took the abacus of the Saracens and gave rules for it, which can be barely understood by the most learned men of the craft, whose craftsmen are called abacists. Marianus. The abacus is a table with which shapes are portrayed and painted in powder, and abacus is [also] a branch of geometry.]$V$He [Gerebertus] was the first who took the abacus of the Saracens and gave rules for it, which can be barely understood by the most learned men of the craft, whose craftsmen are called abacists. Marianus. The abacus is a table with which shapes are portrayed and painted in powder, and abacus is [also] a branch of geometry.]
[H]e set fondly and furiously to work upon [Thomas] Simpson's Euclid, The smooth grassy sod answered all the purposes of the abacus, and the cows generously supplied him in a substitute for sand. Spreading and smoothing that substitute with his bear foot, he engraved upon it with his finger the mystic lines and letters; and, with book in hand, proceeded to establish the elementary principles of geometry,
2. A device used for performing arithmetical calculations; (rare) a table on which loose counters are placed, or (more commonly) an instrument with beads sliding on rods, or counters in grooves, with one row of beads or counters representing units, the next tens, etc.
গাণিতিক গণনা কৰিবলৈ ব্যৱহাৰ কৰা এটা যন্ত্ৰ; (বিৰল) ঢিলা কাউণ্টাৰ ৰখা টেবুল, বা (অধিক সাধাৰণভাৱে) ৰডৰ ওপৰত গুটি ছিটিকি যোৱা বা খাঁজত কাউণ্টাৰ থকা যন্ত্ৰ, য'ত এটা শাৰীৰ গুটি বা কাউণ্টাৰ থাকে যিয়ে একক, পৰৱৰ্তী দহ ইত্যাদিক প্ৰতিনিধিত্ব কৰে।
I’ve heard merchants still use an abacus for adding things up in China.
Before Pythagoras it was necessary to see the thing before counting it, like children who learn on abacuses, with balls sliding along rods: children learn to add and subtract by sliding stones.
Before leaving the question of early arithmetic I should mention that for practical purposes the almost universal use of the abacus or swan-pan rendered it easy to add or subtract, or even to multiply and divide, without any knowledge of theoretical mathematics. [I]t will be sufficient here to say that they afford a concrete way of representing a number in the decimal scale, and enable the results of addition and subtraction to be obtained by a merely mechanical process.
Each rod in the bottom deck of an abacus has 5 beads. The value of each bead depends on which rod it is on. Each bead on the ones rod in the bottom deck equals 1. Each bead on the tens rod in the bottom deck equals 10. Each bead on the hundreds rod in the bottom deck equals 100.
She was sitting at the parlour table with a small abacus in front of her. Peter still recorded weights of fleeces and pounds of cabbages and bushels of grain by cutting notches in tally sticks, but Liza would translate them into figures on paper and have them totted up on the abacus the very same day.
Take another look at the abacus to see how useful it is. Each row represents a successively higher counting group, or register, by 10 times. Thus, with only 6 rows you can count to one million (actually, up to 999,999, which is 1 short of one million).
The computer is but another vehicle to employ in helping people learn, a cousin of books, films, blackboards, chalk, gerbils, abacuses. Like each of these devices, it can be well used or misused.
3. The uppermost portion of the capital of a column immediately under the architrave, in some cases a flat oblong or square slab, in others more decorated.
আৰ্কিট্ৰেভৰ ঠিক তলৰ স্তম্ভৰ মূলধনৰ ওপৰৰ অংশ, কিছুমান ক্ষেত্ৰত সমতল দীঘলীয়া বা বৰ্গক্ষেত্ৰৰ ফলক, কিছুমান ক্ষেত্ৰত অধিক সজ্জিত।
At Amiens, the square form of the abaci, and the volutes of the capitals, afford a decisive proof that the Norman fashion had not yet been superseded. On the other hand, at Salisbury, the abaci are mostly round, and where foliage is used in the capitals, their graceful and luxurious design clearly shews an advancement in that department of the art.
The Hathor abaci above the Mammisi capitals were only decorated on the east flank. Perhaps the decoration of the abacus was not regarded as important as the capital and although it is above the capital, its decoration was executed only when time constraints did not prevail.
The abacus is moulded in three sections and has four main concave faces corresponding with the tapering volutes below and truncated by a short square face on the diagonal.
The only mouldings uſed, both by the Saxon and Norman architects, were the torus, the ſcotia or reverſed torus, the cavetto or hollow moulding, and a kind of chamfered faſcia, which latter was generally uſed for impoſts or abacuſes to their capitals.
The shafts carry the usual cubical capitals—surmounted by plain heavy impost stones in place of moulded abaci—the one on the right being the better preserved.
The stones of the cornice, hitherto called X and Y, receive, now that they form the capital, each a separate name; the sloping stone is called the Bell of the capital, and that laid above it, the Abacus. Abacus means a board or tile: I wish there were an English word for it, but I fear there is no substitution possible, the term having been long fixed, and the reader will find it convenient to familiarise himself with the Latin one.
4. A board, tray, or table, divided into perforated compartments for holding bottles, cups, or the like; a kind of buffet, cupboard, or sideboard.
বটল, কাপ বা ইয়াৰ দৰে বস্তু ৰখাৰ বাবে ছিদ্ৰযুক্ত বিভাগত ভাগ কৰা বৰ্ড, ট্ৰে বা টেবুল; এক প্ৰকাৰৰ বুফে, আলমাৰী বা চাইডবৰ্ড।
ABACUS, among the ancients, was a kind of cupboard or buffet. Livy, deſcribing the luxury into which the Romans degenerated after the conqueſt of Aſia, ſays they had their abaci, beds, &c. plated over with gold.
The plate and nicknacks, always found in elegant Roman houses, were displayed on small one or three legged tables (trapezophoron), the slabs of which (abacus, a word which, like trapezophoron, is sometimes used for the whole table) had raised edges round them: several richly ornamented specimens of such tables have been found at Pompeii. Fig. 446 shows a small abacus resting on three marble legs, which has been found in the house of the "Little Mosaic-Fountain" at Pompeii.
About Us | Terms | Privacy | Contact Us
© Locus Web Services Pvt Ltd. All Rights Reserved.