noun বিশেষ্য

Demiurge meaning in bengali


  • Pronunciation


  • Definition

    a subordinate deity, in some philosophies the creator of the universe

    একটি অধস্তন দেবতা, কিছু দর্শনে মহাবিশ্বের স্রষ্টা

noun বিশেষ্য

Demiurge meaning in bengali


  • Definitions

    1. The (usually benevolent) being that created the universe out of primal matter.

    (সাধারণত উপকারী) সত্তা যে মহাবিশ্বকে আদিম পদার্থ থেকে সৃষ্টি করেছে।

  • Examples:
    1. A demiurge or craftsman god takes pre-existing matter and fashions it in light of the eternal Forms.

    2. The universe, he [Plato] proposes, is the product of rational, purposive, and beneficent agency. It is the handiwork of a divine Craftsman ("Demiurge," dêmiourgos, 28a6), who, imitating an unchanging and eternal model, imposes mathematical order on a preexistent chaos to generate the ordered universe (kosmos).

    3. [T]he demiurgus is father, and power and intellect. And he possesses these things as much as possible on account of intelligibles. For he is a God as father, on account of them. He is also power, and the generator of wholes, and knows beings intellectually, on account of them. For in them intelligible knowledge first subsists. Much more therefore are father, power and intellect in intelligibles; from which also the demiurgus being filled, participates of this triad.

  • 2. A (usually jealous or outright malevolent) being who is inferior to the supreme being, and sometimes seen as the creator of evil.

    একটি (সাধারণত ঈর্ষান্বিত বা সরাসরি দূষিত) সত্তা যিনি সর্বোচ্চ সত্তা থেকে নিকৃষ্ট, এবং কখনও কখনও মন্দের স্রষ্টা হিসাবে দেখা যায়।

  • Examples:
    1. Common to all authentic Gnostic schools are teachings on the demiurgos and archons. However, exactly what the demiurgos and archons are in the symbolic and mystical language of the various Gnostic traditions can be very different from one tradition to another. The word demiurgos means "creator of the world," "false creator," or "false god." Archons mean "rulers" and indicate spiritual or cosmic forces associated with the demiurgos. [S]ome schools view the demiurgos quite literally as the God of the Old Testament, while others do not view Yahweh as the demiurgos at all.

    2. The Gnostic Demiurge then assumes a surprising likeness to Ahriman, the evil counter-creator of Ormuzd in Mazdean philosophy. The character of the Gnostic Demiurge became still more complicated when in some systems he was identified with Jehovah, the God of the Jews or of the Old Testament, and was brought in opposition to Christ of the New Testament, the Only-Begotten Son of the Supreme and Good God.

    3. This was the earnest attempt of a Christian to explain in some detail how God might act using natural law, although his critics noted that such a Creator had more in common with a gnostic demiurge than the transcendent God of the Judeo-Christian tradition.

  • 3. The title of a magistrate in a number of states of Ancient Greece, and in the city states (poleis) of the Achaean League.

    প্রাচীন গ্রীসের বেশ কয়েকটি রাজ্যে এবং আচিয়ান লীগের শহরের রাজ্যগুলিতে (পোলিস) ম্যাজিস্ট্রেটের উপাধি।

  • Examples:
    1. An important Cyrenean inscription of the 4th century, defines the functions of the demiurgi in a given situation and adds that they are discharged by these magistrates in the cities (of Libya), by the hellenodikai in the Temple of Zeus Olympios (i.e. in Olympia), by the amphiktyons at Delphi, and by the hieromnamones in the Temple of Zeus Lykaios (the Lyceum of Arcadia).

    2. The demiurgi were next in power to the prætor, and therefore ſtiled by Polybius and Livy, the ſupreme magiſtrates of the Achæans. They were ten in number, choſen by the general aſſembly from among the moſt eminent men of the whole league for prudence, equity, and experience. It was their office to aſſiſt, with their advice, the prætor, who was to ſay nothing before the aſſembly, but what had been previouſly approved of by the major part of the demiurgi.

  • Synonyms

    demiurgical (demiurgical)

    demiurgically (demiurgically)

    demiurgic (demiurgic)